Agriculture machinery plays a key role in the food industry. With billions of people requiring food, a massive approach to planting and harvesting crops becomes a necessity in order to provide for the billions of people in the planet. Agricultural machinery makes this possible, limiting the amount of work that needs to be done even as it provides for a fast and cost-efficient approach.
Types of Agriculture Machinery
There are actually several types of machinery used for agriculture. Some of them are generic and can be found in practically all farms that deal with crops. Others however have a more specific use, such as beet harvesters or potato harvesters. The purpose of all of them however is pretty much the same: to help with the process of producing crops for the general public.
Today, you’ll find that the following are the most common agricultural machineries to be found:
Tractors do not do anything in the far per se, but it is an important tool to bring in all the other machineries for agricultural use. Essentially, tractors are used to haul around large units to specific places so that farm handlers can use them for their desired purpose. After this, the tractor hauls the item back to the main storage area. Of course, some may argue that most farm machineries have wheels of their own, but these wheels are designed to run over the specific area where they’re supposed to work. Hence, the driving capacity of these implements cannot be used for moving from one part of the farm to the other, considering the typical extent of a farm.
As the name suggests, the Cultivator "cultivates" the plot by running teeth through the soil, applying steady pressure and readying the surface for planting. It actually does a lot including the aeration of the soil and the removal of weeds and possible plants that could compete with the crops for sunlight and nutrients. The beauty of cultivators is that they can be customized to meet the specific needs of the farm. For example, it can be adjusted so that the teeth only disrupt the weeds, leaving the crops untouched. This way, the cultivator can be used even while the plants are in the growth process.
A broadcast spreader is mainly used for spreading seeds into a prepared plot, typically following a specific pattern that allows for even distribution. In some cases, the spreader may also be used for distributing fertilizer, lime, and sand – but there are currently other machineries specifically for those purposes. Spreaders come in different sizes, allowing farmers to choose sizes that fit with the amount of area they need covered.
As the name suggests, this type of machinery for farming is meant to spread manure with the intent of using it as fertilizer. This is quite popular nowadays as more and more people lean towards organic ways of farming. Manure spreaders are typically attached to tractors so that it can be moved from one crop to another, all the while running and placing even amounts of fertilizer in the tilled land.
Although not technically machinery, drip irrigation contributes largely to the production of crops using only what is deemed necessary. Drip irrigation works by delivering liquid and fertilizer directly to the roots of the plant, therefore preventing others from "stealing" the nutrients. With this direct supply, farmers can save on their water expenses because nothing goes to waste.
Rice is usually covered with husks that need to be removed before they can be sold. Unfortunately, rice is incredibly small not to mention numerous, therefore making it hard to remove the husk the old fashioned way. A rice huller is therefore designed to answer this particular problem. The crops are loaded to the machinery which processes it, spitting out perfectly white rice with the husk completely removed.
A conveyor belt is also a common sight in farms although they’re usually set up indoors and used for the end-part of the harvest. Conveyor belts are the ones you see in the airport moving around with luggage. In the farm, they are rotated around while farm hands check the crops to see which ones are damaged and must be removed from the merchandise.
Of course, those are just few of the agriculture machinery being used today. With the help of these products, farmers are able to increase their harvest, limit the number of failed crops and essentially provide for the growing market.